Annual Report 2022

Annual Report 2022

Risk Factors Related to argenx’s Financial Position and Need for Additional Capital

We have Incurred Significant Losses Since our Inception and Expect to Incur Losses for the Foreseeable Future. We may Never Achieve or Sustain Profitability.

Since our inception, we have incurred significant operating losses, totaling $2,109.8 million of cumulative losses. To date we have commercialized VYVGART for the treatment of gMG in the VYVGART Approved Countries (see section “General”). We do not currently have any marketing approvals for any other product candidates or VYVGART in other indications. Our losses resulted principally from costs incurred in research and development, preclinical testing and clinical development of our research programs, and from general and administrative costs associated with our operations. We intend to continue to conduct research and development, preclinical testing, clinical trials and regulatory compliance activities as well as the continued commercialization of VYVGART and other products candidates, for current and future indications, and we intend to continue our efforts to expand our sales, marketing and distribution infrastructure. These expenses, together with anticipated general and administrative expenses, may result in incurring further significant losses for the foreseeable future. We anticipate that our expenses will increase substantially if and as we execute our strategic objectives and as we experience delays or encounter issues relating thereto, including failed clinical trials, ambiguous clinical trial results, safety issues or other regulatory challenges.

Although we have generated revenue of $400.7 million from global product net sales of VYVGART in fiscal year 2022, we can provide no assurances that we will be able to achieve or sustain profitability based on sales in that indication alone or that we will be able to receive regulatory approval of and commercialize VYVGART in other indications or in other countries. To become and remain profitable, we must succeed in developing and commercializing products that generate significant revenue. This will require us to be successful in a range of challenging activities, including completing preclinical testing and clinical trials of our products and our product candidates, including new indications, discovering and developing additional products and product candidates, including new indications, obtaining regulatory approval for any product candidates that successfully complete clinical trials, establishing manufacturing and marketing capabilities, obtaining funding or reimbursement for our products, and ultimately selling products for which we may obtain regulatory approval. We may never succeed in these activities and, even if we do, may never generate revenue that is significant enough to achieve profitability.

We may Need to Raise Substantial Additional Funding Which may not be Available to us on Acceptable Terms or at all.

Although we have significant positions of cash and cash equivalents of $800.7 million and other current financial assets of $1,391.8 million as of December 31, 2022, our cash burn increased significantly in 2022 as compared to 2021 and to previous fiscal years, in part due to the commercial launches of VYVGART. We expect to sustain our current cash burn in the near term as we continue to develop new products and new product candidates, and to obtain regulatory approval of our products in additional jurisdictions. Developing products and product candidates, including new indications, and conducting clinical trials is time-intensive, expensive and risky. Our future capital requirements will depend on many factors, including: (i) the success, cost and timing of our development activities, preclinical testing and clinical trials for our product and product candidates, (ii) the time and costs involved in obtaining regulatory approvals and any delays we may encounter, including as we seek regulatory approval in additional jurisdictions or other indications, (iii) commercialization, manufacturing, sales and marketing of products and product candidates, (iv) securing adequate and uninterrupted supply chains, (v) the costs involved in growing our organization to the size needed to allow for the research, development and potential commercialization of our products or product candidates, (vi) the costs involved in filing patent applications and maintaining and enforcing patents or defending against claims or infringements raised by third parties, (vii) the maintenance of our existing collaboration agreements and entry into new collaboration agreements, and (viii) the amount of revenue, if any, we may derive either directly or in the form of royalty payments from future sales of our products or product candidates, if approved.

To finance our operations, we may need to raise additional capital through a combination of public or private equity or debt financings or other sources, which may include collaborations with third parties. Our ability to raise additional funds on acceptable terms or at all will depend on financial, economic and market conditions and other factors, over which we may have no or limited control. If we are unable to raise additional capital if and when needed, or if the terms are not acceptable, our business strategy could be impacted, and we may be forced to delay, reduce or terminate the one or more of our research or development programs or the commercialization of any of our products or product candidates, including new indications, or be unable to expand our operations or otherwise capitalize on our business opportunities, all of which may have a material adverse impact on our business, financial condition and results of operations.

Our Assets, Earnings and Cash Flows and the Investment of our Cash and Cash Equivalents may be Subject to Risks Which may Cause Losses and Affect the Liquidity of these Investments.

As of December 31, 2022, we had cash and cash equivalents and current financial assets of $2,192.5 million compared to $2,336.7 million in December 31, 2021. We historically have invested substantially all of our available cash and cash equivalents and current financial assets in either current accounts, savings accounts, term accounts or highly liquid money market funds, pending their use in our business. For example, we have invested in USD denominated cash deposit accounts and in current financial assets with a significant portion of the proceeds from our U.S. public offerings. Any future investments may include term deposits, corporate bonds, commercial paper, certificates of deposit, government securities and money market funds in accordance with our cash management policy. These investments may be subject to general credit, liquidity, market, inflation and interest rate risks and we may realize losses in the fair value of these investments or a complete loss of these investments, which would have a negative effect on our financial condition. The market risks associated with our cash flows and investment portfolio may adversely affect our results of operations, liquidity and financial condition.

Due to the international scope of our operations, our assets, earnings and cash flows are influenced by movements in exchange rates of several currencies, particularly between the U.S. dollar, our functional currency since January 1, 2021, and the euro, Swiss francs, Japanese yen and British pounds. Our revenue from outside of the U.S. will increase as our products, whether commercialized by us or our business partners or our collaborators gain marketing approval in such jurisdictions. We do not have any exchange rate hedging arrangements in place. Accordingly, if the U.S. dollar weakens against a specific foreign currency, our revenues will increase, having a positive impact on net income, but our overall expenses will increase, having a negative impact. Conversely, if the U.S. dollar strengthens against a specific foreign currency, our revenues will decrease, having a negative impact on net income, but our overall expenses will decrease, having a positive impact. Continued volatility in foreign exchange rates is likely to impact our operating results and financial condition.